Vanishing theorem for tame harmonic bundles via $L^2$-cohomology
Ya DENG, Feng HAO - 2019-12-05 (M/19/17)
Using $L^2$-methods, we prove a vanishing theorem for tame harmonic bundles over quasi-Ka and for parabolic Higgs bundles by Arapura, Li and the second named author. To prove our vanishing theorem, we construct a fine resolution of the Dolbeault complex for tame harmonic bundles via the complex of sheaves of $L^2$-forms, and we establish the H
Construction of the classical time crystal Lagrangians from Sisyphus dynamics and duality description with the Liénard type equation
Partha GUHA, Anindya GHOSE-CHOUDHURY - 2019-11-22 (P/19/16)
We explore the connection between the equations describing sisyphus dynamics and the generic Liénard type or Liénard II equation from the viewpoint of branched Hamil- tonians. The former provides the appropriate setting for classical time crystal being derivable from a higher order Lagrangian. However it appears the equations of Sisyphus dynamics have a close relation with the Liénard-II equation when expressed in terms of the ‘velocity’ variable. Another interesting feature of the equations of Sisyphus dynamics is the appearance of velocity dependent ”mass function” in contrast to the more com- monly encountered position dependent mass. The consequences of such mass functions seem to have connections to cosmological time crystals .
Equivariant connective K-theory
Nikita KARPENKO, Alexander MERKURJEV - 2019-11-20 (M/19/15)
For separated schemes of finite type over a field with an action of an affine group scheme of finite type, we construct the bi-graded equivariant connective K-theory mapping to the equivariant K-homology of Guillot and the equivariant algebraic K-theory of Thomason. It has all the standard basic properties as the homotopy invariance and localization. We also get the equivariant version of the Brown-Gersten-Quillen spectral sequence and study its convergence.
Pre-Calabi-Yau algebras and $\xi\partial$-calculus on higher cyclic Hochschild cohomology
Natalia IYUDU, Maxim KONTSEVICH - 2019-10-23 (M/19/14)
We formulate the notion of pre-Calabi-Yau structure via the higher cyclic Hochschild complex and study its cohomology. A small quasi-isomorphic subcomplex in higher cyclic Hochschild complex gives rise to the graphical calculus of $\xi\partial$-monomials. Develop- ing this calculus we are able to give a nice combinatorial formulation of the Lie structure on the corresponding Lie subalgebra. Then using basis of ξ∂-monomials and employ- ing elements of Gr{\"o}bner bases theory we prove homological purity of the higher cyclic Hochschild complex and as a consequence obtain $L_{\infty}$-formality. This construction in particular allows an easy interpretation of a pre-Calabi-Yau structure as a noncommu- tative Poisson structure. We give an explicit formula showing how the double Poisson algebra introduced in [25] appears as a particular part of a pre-Calabi-Yau structure. This result holds for any associative algebra A and emphasizes the special role of the fourth component of a pre-Calabi-Yau structure in this respect.
Three-body closed chain of interactive (an)harmonic oscillators and the algebra $sl(4)$
Alexander TURBINER, Willard MILLER JR, Adrian ESCOBAR-RUIZ - 2019-10-07 (P/19/13)
In this work we study 2- and 3-body oscillators with quadratic and sextic pairwise potentials which depend on relative {\it distances}, $|{\bf r}_i - {\bf r}_j |$, between particles. The two-body harmonic oscillator is two-parametric and can be reduced to a one-dimensional radial Jacobi oscillator, while in the 3-body case such a reduction is not possible in general. Our study is restricted to solutions in the space of relative motion which are functions of mutual (relative) distances only ($S$-states). In general, three-body harmonic oscillator is 7-parametric depending on 3 masses and 3 spring constants, and frequency. It is shown that for certain relations involving masses and spring constants the system becomes maximally (minimally) superintegrable in the case of two (one) relations.
Solutions of loop equations are random matrices
Bertrand EYNARD - 2019-09-23 (M/19/12)

On volume subregion complexity in Vaidya spacetime
Roberto AUZZI, Giuseppe NARDELLI, Fidel Ivan SCHAPOSNIK MASSOLO, Gianni TALLARITA, Nicolo ZENONI - 2019-08-29 (P/19/11)
We study holographic subregion volume complexity for a line segment in the AdS3 Vaidya geometry. On the field theory side, this gravity background corresponds to a sudden quench which leads to the thermalization of the strongly-coupled dual conformal field theory. We find the time-dependent extremal volume surface by numerically solving a partial differential equation with boundary condition given by the Hubeny-Rangamani-Takayanagi surface, and we use this solution to compute holographic subregion complexity as a function of time. Approximate analytical expressions valid at early and at late times are derived.
Action potential solitons and waves in axons
Gaspar CANO, Rui DILãO - 2019-08-07 (P/19/10)
We show that the action potential signals generated inside axons propagate as reaction-diffusion solitons or as reaction-diffusion waves, refuting the Hodgkin and Huxley (HH) hypothesis that action potentials propagate along axons with an elastic wave mechanism. Action potential signals are solitary propagating spikes along the axon, occurring in a type I intermittency regime of the HH model. Reaction-diffusion action potential wave fronts annihilate at collision and at the boundaries of axons with zero flux, in contrast with elastic waves, where amplitudes add up and reflect at boundaries. We calculate numerically the values of the speed of the action potential spikes, as well as the dispersion relations. These findings suggest several experiments as validating and falsifying tests for the HH model.
Super McShane Identity
Yi HUANG, Robert PENNER, Anton ZEITLIN - 2019-08-06 (M/19/08)
The McShane identity for the once-punctured super torus is derived following Bowditch's proof in the bosonic case using techniques in super Teichmueller theory developed by the two latter-named authors.
An electrophysiology model for cells and tissues
Rui DILãO - 2019-08-06 (P/19/09)
We introduce a kinetic model to study the dynamics of ions in aggregates of cells and tissues. Different types of communication channels between adjacent cells and between cells and intracellular space are considered (ion channels, pumps and gap junctions). We shows that stable transmembrane ionic Nernst potentials are due to the coexistence of both specialised ion pumps and channels. Ion pumps or channels alone do not contribute to an equilibrium transmembrane potential drop. The kinetic parameters of the model straightforwardly calibrate with the Nernst potentials and ion concentrations. The model is based on the ATPase enzymatic mechanism for the ions $\hbox{Na}^+$, $\hbox{K}^+$, and it can be generalised for other ion pumps. We extend the model to account for electrochemical effects, where transmembrane gating mechanism are introduced. In this framework, axons can be seen as the evolutionary result of the aggregation of cells through gap junctions, which can be identified as the Ranvier nodes. In this kinetic framework, the injection of current in an axon induces the modification of the potassium equilibrium potential along the axon.
McShane identities for Higher Teichmuller theory and the Goncharov-Shen potential
Yi HUANG, Zhe SUN - 2019-06-25 (M/19/07)
In [GS15], Goncharov and Shen introduce a family of mapping class group invariant regular functions on their A-moduli space to explicitly formulate a particular homological mirror symmetry conjecture. Using these regular functions, we obtain McShane identities for general rank positive surface group representations with loxodromic boundary monodromy and (non-strict) McShane-type inequalities for general rank positive representations with unipotent boundary monodromy. Our identities are expressed in terms of projective invariants, and we study these invariants: we establish boundedness and Fuchsian rigidity results for triple ratios. Moreover, we obtain McShane identities for finite-area cusped convex real projective surfaces by generalizing the Birman--Series geodesic scarcity theorem. We apply our identities to derive the simple spectral discreteness of unipotent bordered positive representations, collar lemmas, and generalizations of the Thurston metric.
Crystal Volumes and Monopole Dynamics
Sergey CHERKIS, Rebekah CROSS - 2019-06-08 (P/19/06)

Third Kind Elliptic Integrals and 1-Motives
Cristiana BERTOLIN - 2019-05-21 (M/19/05)
In [5] we have showed that the Generalized Grothendieck's Conjecture of Periods applied to 1-motives, whose underlying semi-abelian variety is a product of elliptic curves and of tori, is equivalent to a transcendental conjecture involving elliptic integrals of the first and second kind, and logarithms of complex numbers. In this paper we investigate the Generalized Grothendieck's Conjecture of Periods in the case of 1-motives whose underlying semi-abelian variety is a non trivial extension of a product of elliptic curves by a torus. This will imply the introduction of elliptic integrals of the third kind for the computation of the period matrix of M and therefore the Generalized Grothendieck's Conjecture of Periods applied to M will be equivalent to a transcendental conjecture involving elliptic integrals of the first, second and third kind.
Large genus behavior of topological recursion
Bertrand EYNARD - 2019-05-13 (M/19/04)
We show that for a rather generic set of regular spectral curves, the {\it Topological--Recursion} invariants $F_g$ grow at most like $O((\beta g)! r^{-g}) $ with some $r>0$ and $\beta\leq 5$
Standard conjectures in model theory, and categoricity of comparison isomorphisms. A model theory perspective.
Misha GAVRILOVICH - 2019-03-22 (M/19/03)

On Phases Of Melonic Quantum Mechanics
Frank FERRARI, Fidel I. SCHAPOSNIK MASSOLO - 2019-03-18 (P/19/02)
We explore in detail the properties of two melonic quantum mechanical theories which can be formulated either as fermionic matrix quantum mechanics in the new large D limit, or as disordered models. Both models have a mass parameter m and the transition from the perturbative large m region to the strongly coupled "black-hole" small m region is associated with several interesting phenomena. One model, with U(n)^2 symmetry and equivalent to complex SYK, has a line of first-order phase transitions terminating, for a strictly positive temperature, at a critical point having non-trivial, non-mean-field critical exponents for standard thermodynamical quantities. Quasi-normal frequencies, as well as Lyapunov exponents associated with out-of-time-ordered four-point functions, are also singular at the critical point, leading to interesting new critical exponents. The other model, with reduced U(n) symmetry, has a quantum critical point at strictly zero temperature and positive critical mass m∗. For 0
The lure of conformal symmetry
Ivan TODOROV - 2019-01-22 (P/19/01)
The Clifford algebra ${\rm Cl} (4,1) \simeq {\mathbb C} [4]$, generated by the real (Majorana) $\gamma$-matrices and by a hermitian $\gamma_5$, gives room to the reductive Lie algebra $u(2,2)$ of the conformal group extended by the $u(1)$ helicity operator. Its unitary positive energy ladder representations, constructed by Gerhard Mack and the author 50 years ago, opened the way to a better understanding of zero-mass particles and fields and their relation to the space of bound states of the hydrogen atom. They became a prototypical example of a minimal representation of a non-compact reductive group introduced during the subsequent decade by Joseph.