SL(2,Z)-invariance and D-instanton contributions to the $D^6 R^4$ interaction
Michael B. GREEN, Stephen D. MILLER, Pierre VANHOVE - 2014-04-09 (P/14/07)
The modular invariant coefficient of the $D^6R^4$ interaction in the low energy expansion of type~IIB string theory has been conjectured to be a solution of an inhomogeneous Laplace eigenvalue equation, obtained by considering the toroidal compactification of two-loop Feynman diagrams of eleven-dimensional supergravity. In this paper we determine its exact $SL(2,\Z)$-invariant solution $f(condition as $y\to \infty$ (the weak coupling limit). The solution is presented as a Fourier series with modes $\widehat{f}_n(y) e^{2\pi i n x}$, where the mode coefficients, $\widehat{f}_n(y)$ are bilinear in $K$-Bessel functions. Invariance under $SL(2,\Z)$ requires these modes to satisfy the nontrivial boundary condition $ \widehat{f}_n(y) =O(y^{-2})$ for small $y$, which uniquely determines the solution. The large-$y$ expansion of $f(ower-behaved) terms, together with precisely-determined exponentially decreasing contributions that have the form expected of D-instantons, anti-D-instantons and D-instanton/anti-D-instanton pairs.
Algebraic rational cells, equivariant intersection theory, and Poincaré duality
Richard Paul GONZALES VILCARROMERO - 2014-04-09 (M/14/15)
We provide a notion of algebraic rational cell with applications to intersection theory on singular varieties with torus action. Based on this notion, we study the algebraic analogue of Q-fi ltrable varieties: algebraic varieties where a torus acts with isolated fixed points, such that the associated Bialynicki-Birula decomposition consists of algebraic rational cells. We show that the rational equivariant Chow group of any Q-filtrable variety is freely generated by the cell closures. We apply this result to group embeddings, and more general spherical varieties. In view of the localization theorem for equivariant operational Chow rings, we get some conditions for Poincaré duality in this setting.
Motivic Cohomology Spectral Sequence and Steenrod Algebra
Serge YAGUNOV - 2014-04-09 (M/14/16)
For an odd prime number $p$, it is shown that differentials $d_n$ in the motivic cohomology spectral sequence with $p$-local coefficients vanish unless $p-1$ divides $n-1$. We obtain an explicit formula for the first non-trivial differential $d_p$, expressing it in terms of motivic Steenrod $p$-power operations and Bockstein homomorphisms. Finally, we construct examples of varieties, having non-trivial differentials $d_p$ in their motivic spectral sequences.
Boundedness of non-homogeneous square functions and $L^q$ type testing conditions with $q \in (1,2)$
Henri MARTIKAINEN, Mihalis MOURGOGLOU - 2014-04-01 (M/14/14)

Calculabilité de la cohomologie étale modulo l
David A. MADORE, Fabrice ORGOGOZO - 2014-03-20 (M/14/13)

Scattering Equations and String Theory Amplitudes
Emil BJERRUM-BOHR, Poul DAMGAARD, Piotr TOURKINE, Pierre VANHOVE - 2014-03-19 (P/14/11)
Scattering equations for tree-level amplitudes are viewed in the context of string theory. As a result of the comparison we are led to define a new dual model which coincides with string theory in both the small and large $\alpha'$ limit, and whose solution is found algebraically on the surface of solutions to the scattering equations. Because it has support only on the scattering equations, it can be solved exactly, yielding a simple resummed model for $\alpha'$-corrections to all orders. We use the same idea to generalize scattering equations to amplitudes with fermions and any mixture of scalars, gluons and fermions. In all cases checked we find exact agreement with known results.
Localization in equivariant operational K-theory and the Chang-Skjelbred property
Richard Paul GONZALES VILCARROMERO - 2014-03-18 (M/14/12)
We establish a localization theorem of Borel-Atiyah-Segal type for the equivariant operational K-theory of Anderson and Payne. Inspired by the work of Chang-Skjelbred and Goresky-Kottwitz-MacPherson, we establish a general form of GKM theory in this setting, applicable to singular schemes with torus action. Our results are deduced from those in the smooth case via Gillet-Kimura's technique of cohomological descent for equivariant envelopes. As an application, we extend Uma's description of the equivariant K-theory of smooth compactifi cations of reductive groups to the equivariant operational K-theory of all, possibly singular, projective group embeddings.
The physics of quantum gravity
Pierre VANHOVE - 2014-03-17 (P/14/08)
Quantum gravity is still very mysterious and far from being well under- stood. In this text we review the motivations for the quantification of gravity, and some expected physical consequences. We discuss the remarkable rela- tions between scattering processes in quantum gravity and in Yang-Mills theory, and the role of string theory as an unifying theory.
Polylogarithms and multizeta values in massless Feynman amplitudes
Ivan TODOROV - 2014-02-19 (P/14/10)
The last two decades have seen a remarkable development of analytic methods in the study of Feynman amplitudes in perturbative quantum field theory. The present lecture offers a physicists' oriented survey of Francis Brown's work on singlevalued multiple polylogarithms, the associated multizeta periods and their application to Schnetz's graphical functions and to $x$-space renormalization. To keep the discussion concrete we restrict attention to explicit examples of primitively divergent graphs in a massless scalar QFT.
Particle in a field of two centers in prolate spheroidal coordinates: integrability and solvability
Willard MILLER JR, Alexander V TURBINER - 2014-02-17 (P/14/09)

The physics and the mixed Hodge structure of Feynman integrals
Pierre VANHOVE - 2014-02-14 (P/14/04)
This expository text is an invitation to the relation between quantum field theory Feynman integrals and periods. We first describe the relation between the Feynman parametrization of loop amplitudes and world-line methods, by explaining that the first Symanzik polynomial is the determinant of the period matrix of the graph, and the second Symanzik polynomial is expressed in terms of world-line Green s functions. We then review the relation between Feynman graphs and variations of mixed Hodge structures. Finally, we provide an algorithm for generating the Picard-Fuchs equation satisfied by the all equal mass banana graphs in a two-dimensional space-time to all loop orders.
Du transfert automorphe de Langlands aux formules de Poisson non linéaires
Laurent LAFFORGUE - 2014-01-17 (M/14/05)

Non-Abelian Lie algebroids over jet spaces
Arthemy V. KISELEV, Andrey O. KRUTOV - 2014-01-07 (M/14/03)
We associate Hamiltonian homological evolutionary vector fields -- which are the non-Abelian variational Lie algebroids' differentials -- with Lie algebra-valued zero-curvature representations for partial differential equations.
Une loi de réciprocité explicite pour le polylogarithme elliptique
Francesco LEMMA, Shanwen WANG - 2014-01-06 (M/14/01)
On démontre une compatibilité entre la réalisation p-adique et la réalisation de de Rham des sections de torsion du profaisceau polylogarithme elliptique. La preuve utilise une variante pour H1 de la loi de réciprocité explicite de Kato pour le H2 des courbes modulaires.
Le système d'Euler de Kato (II)
Shanwen WANG - 2014-01-06 (M/14/02)
Ce texte est le deuxième article d’une série de trois articles sur une généralisation de système d’Euler de Kato. Il est consacré e d’Euler de Kato raffiné associé systèmes d’Euler de Kato.